What is periodontitis
Symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding and receding gums and bad breath. In the advanced stage, the teeth wobble and loosen. The final stage is the loss of teeth. Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis causes permanent damage. Only in some less serious cases is it possible to regenerate a broken ligament.
Periodontitis occurs mainly in middle-aged and older people. This condition is up to 70% more likely for smokers than non-smokers. In addition, smoking reduces the body’s defences against bacteria.
Risks associated with periodontitis
Periodontitis is an insidious disease in that the affected person may not for a very long time, sometimes several years, observe any symptoms. In addition, the danger is not only dental. Chronic periodontitis can be one of the causes of other serious diseases, as it can become a source of infections and inflammation throughout the human body. An association between periodontitis and an increased incidence of heart disease and stroke has been proved.
However, it is important to emphasize that proper treatment and consistent dental hygiene can improve gum health at any stage of periodontitis, thus preventing the disease from progressing to a more advanced stage, which can result in tooth loss.
How periodontological care takes place
The basis of periodontal care is dental hygiene. One of our experienced dental hygienists will remove plaque and tartar. The result is then consulted with the periodontist MUDr. Kateřina Simpson, who evaluates and checks the remission of periodontitis.
The next phase of treatment is specialized care by a periodontist. Depending on the severity of the problem we apply the appropriate treatment. The treatment can be conservative, surgical or can take the form of, for example, photodynamic therapy. The active phase of treatment is followed by regular check-ups by a periodontal specialist about four times a year.
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